In the XIV and XV centuries the city grew and entered fully into the history not only of the Kingdom of Naples of which it was part, but of the whole Peninsula.
Market town, production – wool and saffron, silver and stone- of traders alacri and nobility of sword.
It was the scene of commercial dynamics, but also of bloody politics that saw important families fight and die.
So much so that in 1444 Bernardino da Siena was invited by the city bishop to try to reconcile the warring factions in the city. On 20 May of the same year Bernardino died in L’Aquila and was consecrated to him years later the Basilica of San Bernardino, one of the most beautiful monuments of the city and was buried there in a splendid funeral monument of artistic production L’Aquila.
Before that date, in 1423/24, the city suffered a long siege by the Lord of Perugia Braccio Fortebraccio da Montone.
The long war, which saw the Pope, the Queen of Naples and some of the greatest Lords and leaders of the Peninsula, strengthened the fame of L’Aquila that thanks to his people contributed to the defeat and death of Braccio.
1529 was the year that everything changed for the history, freedom, economy and society of the city of L’Aquila.
After complex historical and political events, which saw Spanish interests intertwined, gathered under the Empire of Charles V of Habsburg – lord of Austria and other provinces- and the French who always claimed the Kingdom of Naples, Aquila was stripped of its freedom and its countryside, that original territory that had allowed its birth, growth and wealth.
With the birth of the Deputy Kingdom of Naples, entrusted to a Deputy King, L’Aquila was enfeoffed and suffered the fate of a city suffocated by a governor sent from Naples.
In those years was erected the Spanish Fortress, vulgarly the Castle, impregnable and militarily advanced fortress that represented the symbol of Spanish repression towards the virtues of the city